The Urology Department was started in 1979 and was the first Urology Department to be established in any institution covered under the Central Health Service. Subsequently an M.Ch. (Urology) Super Speciality Degree Course was started in 1987. This was the first Super Speciality Degree Course started at JIPMER, Pondicherry and the first Urology Super Speciality Course to be established in any institution covered under the Central Health Service. The services provided by the department include paediatric endoscopy, urodynamics, image-guided urological interventions, upper and lower urinary tract endourology, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for renal stone treatment, reconstructive urology, treatment of urinary incontinence, treatment for sexual dysfunction and infertility in male, urological laparoscopy, genitourinary cancer surgery and renal transplant surgery was started in March 2012. Further strides in the field of renal transplantation were made with the start of laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy and subsequently, in December 2013 deceased donor renal transplantation was started. The faculty members are engaged in research activities for optimizing management of urological diseases relevant to the society.