GOALS OF THE DEPARTMENT
1 Delivery of Quality and Safe Patient care services in Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Reducing Maternal Morbidity and Mortality and Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality by providing
- quality antenatal care adopting safe delivery practices and quality post-natal services.
- Promoting Family Planning and to prevent unwanted pregnancies by providing free and patient-friendly contraceptive methods
- To prevent morbidity and mortality due to Gynecological malignancies by providing advanced evidence-based surgical practices
- Prevention of Gynaecological malignancies by ensuring timely screening and follow-up
- To improve quality of life in women suffering from Pelvic organ dysfunction and menstrual disorders
2 Producing competent and skilled Primary care Graduates for the country
By teaching evidence-based theoretical and clinical skills in Obstetrics and Gynecology to MBBS students with the aim to make them deliver primary level care of managing pregnancy and normal delivery safely
3 Producing Expert and Skilled Obstetricians and Gynaecologists for the Country
By teaching evidence-based theory, clinical skills and operative skills to Postgraduates with the aim to make them expert caregivers in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology
4 Conducting Ethical and Quality Research to contribute to the field of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
By conducting research in the unexplored areas of Gynecological Oncology, Fetal medicine,Obstetric medicine, Perinatal medicine, Reproductive Medicine.
Statistics -last 3 years
HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT
The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology has a long history as it can be understood that Golden Jubilee of JIPMER was celebrated in the year, 2014.
The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology was started in the “college Medical de Pondicherry” in 1956 which was located in the place of current Assembly. The faculty members were mostly from France. Over the years they left as Indian faculty members replaced them. The existing General Hospital and the Office of the current Deputy Director, Health, Department of Puducherry (which was called Maternity Hospital till 2011) served for the clinical training of MBBS graduates. Initially the department was headed by Professor Gaillard who was a Surgeon and also the Head of Department of OBGY
Late Dr. R. Prabhavathi was the first Indian faculty to join the department as a lecturer in the late 1960s. A couple of months later in the beginning of 1961, Dr. S. N. Mukherjee was appointed as Reader and Dr.S.K Barua was medical officer. In the mid 1961 Professor Mary Abraham joined the department as the Head. . After Prof. Abraham retired Dr. V. M Bhatt was appointed as the head and for a short while Dr. S. N. Mukherjee was the head at Maternity Hospital, but was transferred to the JIPMER campus when the hospital began functioning in 1961..PG course in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MD, was started in 1966 when Dr. V.M Bhatt was the head of the department. Dr. P. N .Nayak took over the department in 1969/1970 as head and continued till she was appointed Medical Superintendent in 1978/79. The department was then taken over by Dr. A. Chakravarty who had been in the department as reader and Associate Professor. Laparoscope was made available from 1979 essentially for laparoscopic sterilization; and was also used for diagnosis.
In late 1980 Dr. Rajaram .P joined as Professor and took over the department in 1982 when Dr. Chakravarty was transferred, and continued till 1994 when he became additional DGHS. The faculty during this period were Prof. SK. Barua, Prof. Asha Oumachigui, Dr.Syed Habeebullah, Dr. Rani Reddy , Dr. S.Soundara Raghavan, Dr. Raksha Arora and Dr. Boopathy and the department had 3 and later 4 Units.
During this period, CTG machine and Vacuum extractor were procured and USG was started soon after Prof. S.K. Barua returned from his training in ultrasound in the UK. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in JIPMER was the first department and Our Institute in South India was the first to obtain an ultrasound machine (which had only B-Mode) One unit of OBGY used to work in Govt Maternity Hospital and till 1983 the Undergraduate students used to do Labour room posting there and it was stopped in1983 and continued in JIPMER as the delivery rate at JIPMER increased tremendously and the department totally became independent and withdrew from Govt. Maternity hospital in1987.Partograph and continuous CTG for high risk cases were strictly practiced
During this time Gynaecological Oncology improvised with Prof. Rajaram performing and training the faculty in Radical hysterectomy of his Vienna technique and Prof. KS Reddy, Head of the Department of Radiotherapy introducing Intrauterine and vaginal Ovoids for Radiotherapy in advanced cases of carcinoma cervix.
In the year 1984, the department was recognized as one of the Human Reproduction Research Center under the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi. A number of clinical and field projects were carried out including the efficient abortifacient, Mifepristone as RU 486. JIPMER Celebrated Silver Jubilee in 1989
Prof. Asha Oumachigui was the head of the department from 1994 till her retirement in early 2001. The faculty during this time were Prof. Syed Habeebullah, Prof. Rani Reddy , Prof. S. Soundra Raghavan, Dr. Raksha Arora, Dr. Nayak, Dr. Boopathy , Dr. Papa Dasari and Dr. Reena Yadav. LOG Book was introduced for PG training programme. Dr. Boopathy had undertaken Laparoscopic surgery training in 1996 at Chennai and slowly operative Laparoscopy was introduced. The department conducted two Landmark conferences Viz; Family Welfare Conference of FOGSI in 1994 and AGOICON (Association of Gynecologic Oncologists of India) in 1998
Prof .Syed.Habeebullah took over in 2001 and headed the department till June 2013 when rotatary head-ship was introduced in the Institute. The faculties during this period were Prof. Rani Reddy, Prof, S. Raghavan, Prof. Papa Dasari and Prof. Latha Chaturvedula, with the Obstetric and Gynecological Society renewal monthly FOGSI meetings became a regular issue. New faculty joined started joining gradually from 2010 as a recruitment drive of JIPMER to fill up long list of vacant posts. The department shifted to the newly constructed Women and Child Hospital (WCH) in 2013.
Head of the Departments: July 2013- June 2016: Prof. S. Soundara Raghavan
July 2016—Prof. Palapa Dasari
The department is equipped with the state of the art facilities with the best USG Machines with Doppler and 3D which are 6 in number including 2 mobile ones for labour room and ICU and Eclampsia room to facilitate bedside diagnosis and monitoring. The facility of separate Eclampsia room and ICU are started with 6 beds each to meet the increasing load of women with severe morbidity and are equipped with Ventilators and ABG machine and 24 hour coverage by anesthetists
The Labour room is equipped with CTG machines for continuous electronic monitoring and the 24 hour Emergency OT with 2 tables exclusively for the department of OG which is just next to CLR & SLR a dream come true of many past heads of the department who worked hard. We are now able to achieve the standard of delivering a fetus with fetal distress/cord prolapse within half an hour of decision. The Elective Operation theatre is expanded like another dream come true to 6 OT tables of which 2 are dedicated to Laparoscopic Surgery. The WCH has the inbuilt facility for Assisted Reproductive Technologies IUI services are offered regularly from November 2015 and IVF-ET services will be regular from 2018 after the lab got modified as per ICMR guidelines in September 2017.
In later of 2016, the Out-Patient Department (OPD) was reorganized with dedicated areas for managing Staff, VIPs and Referrals and also for special Clinics. Special clinics in Obstetric Medicine, Adolescent reproductive health clinic, Menopause clinic and Pre-conceptional care clinic started in 2017. A Multidisciplinary boardroom is also constructed to facilitate inter-disciplinary case discussions The Emergency area (OG Casualty) was also re-organized by introducing Triage system and also public notice and information were given and displayed. PC-PNDT registration counter is started and New Registers for PNDT, congenital malformations, invasive pre-natal procedures were introduced. The department also participating in Multidisciplinary Robotic Surgery programme of JIPMER and performed first Robotic Surgery in August 2017
As on November 2017, the undergraduate intake is 150 per an academic year and Postgraduate intake is 10 per 6 months since 2015. The department developed a robust PG teaching, training and evaluation programme including Internal assessment. The UG and PG curriculum was revised with innovative ideas of training, teaching and evaluation.in July –August 2016. The department has applied for starting Post-Doctoral Fellowship courses in Gynecological Oncology, Fetal Medicine and Family Planning apart from waiting to start PDF in Obstetric Medicine. Basic skill certification for Post-graduates in Endoscopy and Cardiotocography are introduced in 2017
The department also organizes CME programmes on regular basis and conducts monthly Maternal and Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality meetings to improve maternal and neonatal care by critical analysis and corrections
The department has brought out the Departmental Manual version 1 for 2015-16 and version 2 in 2017 -18 with various departmental policies and protocols and further information can be found